Bricks Masonry and the bonding part


Brick masonry forms due to bonding of bricks with mortar. If you are considering permanent building construction, cement or lime mortars are used. However, if it is about temporary sheds, mud mortar is used. Here is a list of different bond types used in brick masonry process:

  • Stretcher bond
  • English bond
  • Header bond
  • Flemish bond

Stretcher bond

Stretcher can be defined as the longer face of brick as observed in elevation. If the brick is having a dimension of 190mm by 90mm by 90mm, the 190mm by 90mm face is considered the stretcher. So, when opting for stretcher bond masonry, every brick is arranged in stretcher courses. But that said, efforts must be taken to break the vertical joints. If you are constructing the half brick thickness based partition walls, this is the type to consider.

English bond

English bond is regarded as the strongest of all the bonds available. This is the most commonly used bond for walls of varied thicknesses. In order to break the continuity of vertical joints, the brick is cut into two halves. Then, each of the half is used in the beginning and end of the wall post the first header. This is commonly referred to as Queen Closer.

Header bond

Headers can be identified as the brick’s shorter face when marked in elevation. If the dimensions are measured, the measurement in a stand brick for header will be 90mm by 90mm face. If going for header bond brick masonry, the bricks are arranged in header courses. Such bonds are perfectly apt for single brick thick wall construction.

Flemish bond

When using Flemish bond, all the courses comprised of alternate stretcher and header. All the alternative courses available will start with header and stretcher. When it is time to break those vertical joints, the queen closers will be essentially required. This is true only if the course starts with the header. Each header is supported centrally on a stretcher below the same.

Flemish bonds are of two kinds:

(a) Double Flemish Bond

(b) Single Flemish Bond

When opting for double bond, the walls faces will have a sort of Flemish look. The course will certainly comprise of stretcher and header. Similarly, when opting for a single bond, the inner face will have English bond while the outer wall face will feature a certain kind of flemish look.

It must be understood that the construction of fleish bond requires extreme level skill. It offers an extremely pleasing appearance. However, it may not be the toughest and strongest compared to the English bond. This type of Flemish bond promises the perfectly strong aesthetic view.

Bricks masonry in Los Angeles certainly promises the use of good quality ones.